The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 66
EUROPEAN CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION
OF TORTURE AND INHUMAN OR DEGRADING
TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT (AS AMENDED BY
PROTOCOLS I AND II OF 4 NOVEMBER 1993)

Opened for signature, Strasbourg, 26 November 1987

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Most legal instruments prohibiting torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment do not possess any mechanism of implementation ensuring the respect of the obligations they created. The adoption of the European Convention had its origin in the proposal of Jean-Jacques Gautier, Genevese banker, who proposed in 1976 a convention instituting a system of visits of places of detention by a group of independent experts. The proposal was taken up by Costa Rica which, in 1980, proposed to the UN Human Rights Commission to supplement the projected United Nations Convention (No. 65) with an optional protocol instituting such a system of visits. The draft of the optional protocol had been elaborated by the Swiss Committee against Torture and the International Commission of Jurists.

On the European level, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, in 1983, on the basis of a report of the French deputy Noel Berrier, adopted resolution 971 which included, in its annex, the draft of the present Convention based on the Costa Rica proposal to the United Nations. In 1986, after intergovernmental discussions, the Committee of Ministers charged a committee of experts to elaborate the text of a convention. It adopted the text on 26 June 1987 after having consulted the European Commission and the European Court of Human Rights. The Convention was opened for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe on 26 November 1987.

On 4 November 1993, the states members of Council of Europe signed two Protocols to the Convention. Protocol I has the purpose of allowing nonmember states of the Council of Europe to accede to the Convention by invitation of the Committee of Ministers. Protocol II provides that the members of the European Committee for the prevention of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment may be re-elected twice and that half of the membership shall be renewed every two years. The texts of the Protocols are integrated into the text of the Convention.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 1 February 1989. The amendments of 4 November 1993 entered into force on 1 March 2002.

AUTHENTIC TEXT: English, French. The text below is reproduced from the document of the Council of Europe H (87) 4, pp. 2-9.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: ETS 126 (Convention), 151 (Protocol I), 152 (Protocol II; GBTS, 1988, Misc. 5 (1988), Cm. 339 (Engl.); ILM, Vol. 27, 1988, pp. 1152-1159 (Engl.); Derechos humanos, pp. 651-660 (Span.); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1005-1021 (French). Council of Europe website: http://conventions.coe.int.

-945-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 1496

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.