AFRICAN CHARTER ON THE RIGHTS AND
WELFARE OF THE CHILD (ARTICLES RELATED
TO ARMED CONFLICT)
Adopted by the Twenty-sixth Conference of the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, July 1990
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity, meeting for its sixth ordinary session at Monrovia (Liberia) from 17 to 20 July 1979, adopted the Declaration on the Rights and Welfare of Children in Africa (AHG/ST.4 (XVI) Rev. 1). In July, 1990, the Twenty-sixth Conference of the Heads of State and Government of the OAU adopted the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of Child. This Charter contains provisions related to armed conflict, which are reproduced here: Article 1 (Obligations of State members), Article 2 (Definition of Child), Article 22 (Armed conflicts), Article 23 (Refugee Children), and Article 25 (Separation from Parents).
ENTRY INTO FORCE: 29 November 1999.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: English and French. The text below is reproduced from the Organization of African Unity document. CAB/LEG/TSG/Rev. 2.
PUBLICATION OF THE TEXT: Document of the Organization of African Unity. CAB/ LEG/153/Rev.2 (English, French); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1033–1036 (French).
Noting with concern that the situation of most African children remains critical due to the unique factors of their socioeconomic, cultural, traditional and developmental circumstances, natural disasters, armed conflicts, exploitation and hunger, and on account of the child's physical and mental immaturity he/she needs special safeguards and care,
Reaffirming adherence to the principles of the rights and welfare of the child contained in the declaration, conventions and other instruments of the Organization of African Unity and in the United Nations and in particular the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child; and the OAU Heads of State and Government's Declaration on the Rights and Welfare of the African Child:
Have agreed as follows: