SAN REMO MANUAL ON INTERNATIONAL LAW
APPLICABLE TO ARMED CONFLICTS AT SEA
Prepared by international lawyers and naval experts convened by the International Institute of Humanitarian Law
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: In its Resolution VII adopted on 31 October 1986, the XXVth International Conference of the Red Cross noted “that international humanitarian law relating to land warfare to a large extent has been reaffirmed and developed and that some areas of international humanitarian law relating to sea warfare are in need of reaffirmation and clarification on the basis of existing fundamental principles of international humanitarian law”. The Conference appealed to governments to coordinate their efforts in appropriate fora in order to review the possibility of Updating the relevant texts of international humanitarian law relating to sea warfare. It invited the ICRC to follow the question and to keep the Conference informed. In 1987, the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, organized an initial meeting of experts at San Remo in order to deliberate on this subject. This meeting was followed by others, and culminated in the adoption of the Manual reproduced below. The ICRC provided full support to this work. The origin and aim of the Manual are described in the introductory note at its beginning.
The rules of the Manual were completed by explanations that are not reproduced in the present Collection, but may be found in the San Remo Institute publication: San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 57–246.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: English.
PUBLICATION OF THE TEXT: San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 1–44 (with and explanation of the text), pp. 57–246 (English); IRRC 1995, pp. 595–637 (Engl.); RICR 1995, pp. 649–694 (French); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1211–1244 (French); Roberts and Guelff, pp. 573–606 (Engl.);. ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf (Engl., French, Span.).
|Part I. General provisions|
|Section I. Scope and application of the law||1–2|
|Section II. Armed conflicts and the law of self-defense||3–6|
|Section III. Armed conflicts in which the Security Council has taken action||7–9|
|Section IV. Areas of naval warfare||10–12|
|Section V. Definitions||13|