CONVENTION ON THE SAFETY OF UNITED
NATIONS AND ASSOCIATED PERSONNEL
Adopted by Resolution 49/59 of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1994
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: In the numerous operations undertaken by the United Nations in the early 1990s in states that had experienced a breakdown of law and order, UN personnel suffered casualties and mistreatment. This induced the General Assembly to establish, by resolution 48/37 of 9 December 1993, an ad hoc committee to elaborate a convention on the safety and security of UN and associated personnel. By resolution 49/59 of 9 December 1994, the General Assembly adopted the present Convention by consensus. Only few of its provisions are concerned with international humanitarian law. The question of the applicability of humanitarian law to UN personnel is not clearly regulated. Article 2(2) could give rise to the assumption that the law of armed conflicts applies only in case of a Security Council decision on an enforcement action, but Article 8 (at the end) and Article 20(a) lead to the conclusion that humanitarian law applies to UN personnel in all situations regulated by that law.
ENTRY INTO FORCE: 15 January 1999
AUTHENTIC TEXTS: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly during its Forty-Ninth Session: resolution 49/59, ILM, 1995, pp. 484–493 (Engl.); International Peacekeping (Kluwer), Vol. 2, No. 5, 1995, pp. 123–125 (Engl.); Roberts and Guelff, pp. 623–638 (Engl.). UN web site: http://untreaty.un.org (Engl., French).
The States Parties to this Convention,
Deeply concerned over the growing number of deaths and injuries resulting from deliberate attacks against United Nations and associated personnel,
Bearing in mind that attacks against, or other mistreatment of, personnel who act on behalf of the United Nations are unjustifiable and unacceptable, by whomsoever committed,
Recognizing that United Nations operations are conducted in the common interest of the international community and in accordance with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations,
Acknowledging the important contribution that United Nations and associated personnel make in respect of United Nations efforts in the fields of preventive diplomacy, peacemaking, peace-keeping, peace-building and humanitarian and other operations,
Conscious of the existing arrangements for ensuring the safety of United Nations and associated personnel, including the steps taken by the principal organs of the United Nations, in this regard,