Tenth-century miniature depicting the palace of Otto I. The king is receiving a delegation. His wife is next to him. On the left.
a group of courtiers is listening to the discussion.
The Structure of the Empire
The development of feudal society in Europe was a process lasting hundreds of years, from the early tenth through the thirteenth century. A social phenomenon, feudalism grew out of and then reinforced the economic and political conditions of the continent. It took on different aspects in various places, but had certain core characteristics, most notably the defining of people in relation to the land. Owned by overlords, land, worked by serfs attached to it, was given in fief or put under the management of vassals in exchange for military and other services. This arrangement of