Chapter 1 is an expanded and revised version of an earlier piece: Sanford F. Schram, “Contracting America: The House Republicans and the Cycle of Representation,” in Sanford F. Schram and Philip T. Neisser, eds., Tales of the State: Narrative in U.S. Politics and Public Policy (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997), pp. 63–86. Chapter 3 is a revised and longer version of Sanford F. Schram, “In the Clinic: The Medicalization of Welfare,” Social Text 62 (spring 2000). Chapter 4 is a revision of material used in Sanford F. Schram and Joe Soss, “Making Something Out of Nothing: Welfare Reform and A New Race to the Bottom,” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 28 (spring 1998): 67–88; Sanford Schram and Joe Soss, “The Real Value of Welfare: Why Poor Families Do Not Migrate,” Politics & Society 27 (March 1999): 39–66; and Sanford F. Schram and Carol S. Weissert, “The State of American Federalism, 1996–1997,” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 27 (spring 1997): 1–31. Chapter 6 is a revised version of Sanford F. Schram and R. Scott Daniels, “'Poor' Statistical Accounting: Welfare Policy Research in Cyberspace and Public Sphere,” Theory & Event 2 (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/theory_and_event/).
Numerous people advised me on the issues I address in this book, others commented on selected chapters, and still others read the entire manuscript. For very helpful discussions, I thank Raymond Albert, Leslie Alexander, Jeffrey Applegate, Dana Becker, Jane Bennett, Richard Cloward, Donald Culverson, Karen Curtis, Sheldon Danziger, Joan Davitt, Kathy Ferguson, Nancy Fraser, Marisa Golden, Jack Gunnell, Thomas Hawley, Beverly Keever, Julia Littell, James Martin, Sankar Muthu, Brian Richardson, Todd Swanstrom, John Tambornino, Thomas Vartanian, and Carol Weissert. I greatly appreciate the comments on selected chapters provided by Gregory Acevedo, Bruce Baum, Jim Baumohl, William Connolly, Barbara Cruikshank, Scott Daniels, Tom Dumm, Kennan Ferguson, Jon Goldberg-Hiller, Manfred Henningsen, Henry Kariel, Patrick Kaylor, George Kent, Claudia Krugovoy, Peter Manicas, Neal Milner, Carolyn Needleman, Philip Neisser,