1. See, for example, Lewis Lapham's “Tentacles of Rage: The Republican Propaganda Mill, a Brief History,” Harper's (September 2004), 31–41; and Peter Beinart's “Death Rattle: What Richard Hofstadter Teaches Us about Ralph Nader,” New Republic (8 March 2004), 6. In the latter piece, Beinart quotes from Hofstadter's The Age of Reform—“Third parties are like bees, once they have stung, they die”—to criticize Ralph Nader's second presidential campaign. Beinart writes, “On election night 2000, Nader boasted, 'Tomorrow, the Green Party will emerge as the third-largest party in America, the fastest growing party, and the best party in its democratic spirit.' On election night 2004, the Green Party may be essentially defunct, along with the man who once led it. Somewhere, Hofstadter is smiling.”
2. Edward Hallett Carr, What Is History (New York, 1961), 54; Hofstadter to Jack Pole, 24 January 1968, JPP.
3. Nevins to Curti, 19 June 1942, MCP; Hofstadter quoted in Richard Kostelanetz, Master Minds: Portraits of Contemporary American Artists and Intellectuals (New York, 1969), 168.
4. Dan Hofstadter correspondence with author; Metzger, Richard Hofstadter Project, OHRO; Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition: And the Men Who Made It (New York, 1989 edition), 271; Hofstadter, The Age of Reform: From Bryan to FDR (New York, 1955), 77–82; Hofstadter, “Some Comments on Goldwater,” Partisan Review (Fall 1964), 591. Colleagues frequently advised Hofstadter to resist overstating his arguments. Given the Roosevelt chapter to read in draft form, Howard K. Beale suggested a thorough revision. Beale to Hofstadter, 6 February 1948, box 1, RHP. On the subject of Populist anti-Semitism, Merle Curti, Kenneth Stampp, Eric McKitrick, Stanley Elkins, and Lee Benson—among others—shared serious reservations about Hofstadter's treatment of the farmers.
5. Hughes, Richard Hofstadter Project, OHRO; Hofstadter and Leuchtenburg correspondence with author.