City at the Water's Edge: A Natural History of New York

By Betsy McCully | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction: Coming Home

1. Kirkpatrick Sale, Dwellers in the Land: The Bioregional Vision (1985; Santa Cruz, Calif.: New Society Publishers, 1991).

2. Peter Berg, “A Metamorphosis for Cities: From Gray to Green,” City Lights Review 4 (n.d.). Reprint courtesy of Planet Drum, San Francisco.


1.Bedrock New York

1. Charles Merguerian and John Sanders, Geology of Manhattan and the Bronx (New York: New York Academy of Sciences, Section of Geological Sciences, Field Trips 1990– 1991). Unless otherwise noted, my primary source for the reconstruction of New York City's geological history prior to the ice age is the series of field-trip notes by Merguerian and Sanders of Hofstra University published under the auspices of the New York Academy of Sciences. Additional sources are Les Sirkin, Western Long Island Geology (Watch Hill, R.I.: Book and Tackle Shop, 1996); Bradford B. Van Diver, Roadside Geology of New York (Mis- soula, Mont.: Mountain Press, 1985); and David C. Roberts, Geology of Eastern North America (Boston: Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin, 1996). Although predating plate tectonic theory, John Kieran's Natural History of New York City (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959) also provides a good description of New York City's bedrock geology.

2. Charles Merguerian and Mickey Merguerian, “Geology of Central Park—From Rocks to Ice,” www.dukelabs.com/Abstracts%20and%20Papers/CMMM2004.htm.

3. Charles Merguerian and John E. Sanders, Staten Island and Vicinity (New York: New York Academy of Sciences, Section of Geological Sciences: September 29, 1991, Field Trip), 25–28.

4. Merguerian and Sanders, Geology of Manhattan and the Bronx, 27–28.

5. Charles Merguerian, “Tunnel Vision: Subterranean Paradise or Name That Quake,” Hofstra University Distinguished Faculty Lecture Series, September 27, 2000. www.dukelabs .com/Abstracts%20and%Papers/CM2000b.htm.


2. The Teeming Shore

1. Much of the description of life on the shores of New York City is based on information from William H. Amos and Stephen H. Amos, Audubon Society Nature Guides: Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, Chanticleer Press Edition (New York: Alfred A. Knopf/Borzoi Book, 1988), and Rachel Carson, The Edge of the Sea (1955; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1983).

2. Lynn Margulis et al., eds., Handbook of Protoctista (Boston: Jones and Bartlett, 1990).

3. Carson, The Edge of the Sea, 169–173.

4. Ibid., 53.

5. Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan, Microcosmos: Four Billion Years of Microbial Evo- lution (New York: Summit Books, 1986), 60–64.

6. Charles Merguerian and Charles E. Sanders, The Geology of Manhattan and the Bronx (New York: New York Academy of Sciences, Section of Geological Sciences, Field Trip 1990–1991: April 21, 1991), 14.

7. Stephen Jay Gould, Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History (New York and London: Norton, 1989), 47.

8. Ibid., 99.

9. Ibid., 145–151. Gould's italics. 10. Ibid., 30–31.

-161-

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City at the Water's Edge: A Natural History of New York
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Introduction - Coming Home ix
  • 1: Bedrock New York 1
  • 2: The Teeming Shore 16
  • 3: At the Glacier's Edge 32
  • 4: Land of the Lenapes 45
  • 5: Staking Claim 62
  • 6: Muddied Waters 76
  • 7: Footprints 96
  • 8: Forests for Trees 111
  • 9: Urban Flyway 127
  • 10: Weathering 146
  • Notes 161
  • Index 177
  • About the Author 186
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