Beyond the individual
|•||Theoretical models of the family and family problems|
|•||Interventions that involve the whole family|
|•||The impact of social and cultural factors such as socio-economic class, gender and ethnicity on mental health|
|•||How mental health problems may present and be treated across differing cultures|
|•||How health promotion and public health programmes may improve the mental well-being of individuals and populations.|
Family models of mental health disorders and their treatment are based on systems theory. This views the family or other social groups as an interrelated set of individuals. The behaviour of each person within the system does not occur in isolation. Instead, behaviour follows a principle of circularity in which no one behaviour is seen as starting or being the outcome of events. The behaviour of X affects Y, whose behaviour reciprocally affects X, whose response to this affects Y, and so on. Behaviours form a continuous causal loop, with no beginning or end-point. Change within this continuous set of behaviours can be achieved by intervening at any point in the system.