It should not surprise one that in a collection of scholarly contributions concerning emotion, political judgment, and behavior, the largest number come from scholars studying how emotions function in and among individuls. The six chapters in this part present a rich array of approaches and topics. We begin with the contribution from Cassino and Lodge. Their work explores the central assertion of Michael L. Spezio and Ralph Adolphs and, indeed, the work of many of the other contributors, namely, that emotional processing is intimately and unavoidably involved in the evaluative and decision-making processes that follow. Cassino and Lodge present a study that argues for the pervasive impact of emotion on memory. They place their study within the motivated reasoning approach, a tradition in political psychology that Lodge (Lodge and Taber 1997) helped develop. This view holds that emotion serves mainly to aid in securing motivational goals, and this leads to the cognitive consequences that such information processing is designed to achieve. Accuracy is rarely a dominant motivational goal; rather, emotion too often sets other motivational goals, such as seeking information that bolsters preexisting values or beliefs.
The chapter by MacKuen, Marcus, Neuman and Keele offers the most recent stage of evolution of one of the earliest theories in political science (Marcus 1988). The theory of affective intelligence offers a comprehensive account of the way in which emotional preconscious processing accounts for the flux in feeling states, the consequent ways in which conscious awareness is engaged and expressed, and the judgments and behaviors that follow. A number of key foundational claims are advanced by this theory; for example, the claim that emotions are the result of preconscious appraisals, a point that is also foundational to