Judges and Their Audiences: A Perspective on Judicial Behavior

By Lawrence Baum | Go to book overview

Chapter 4
SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL GROUPS

CHAPTER 3 EXAMINED COURT COLLEAGUES, the general public, and the other branches of government, the most familiar judicial audiences. This chapter and chapter 5 consider another set of audiences. These audiences are quite diverse, but they have two characteristics in common. First, they receive little attention from students of judicial behavior. Second, their influence stems primarily from their status as personal audiences for judges. Thus these audiences are especially relevant to an inquiry into judges' social identities and their impact on decision making.

The audiences examined in these two chapters fall into several categories. First are social groups: judges' families, friends, and acquaintances. Second are professional groups, the legal profession and its subsets. Those two types of audiences, considered in this chapter, can be expected to have the greatest impact across the judiciary as a whole. Third are policy groups, people who share ideological orientations or policy positions. The last is a different kind of audience, the news media. The media serve as intermediaries between judges and other audiences and as an object of judges' interest in themselves. Policy groups and the media are considered in chapter 5.

These audiences will be examined in somewhat different ways, but the inquiry into each has two broad purposes. First, I seek to establish that judges have a motivational basis for self-presentation to each audience, in turn giving these audiences a basis for influence over judges' choices. The second purpose is to show how taking these audiences into consideration enhances our ability to explain judicial behavior.


SOCIAL GROUPS

In October 1973, Attorney General Elliot Richardson refused to carry out President Nixon's order to fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Instead, Richardson resigned from his position. One observer offered this explanation: “I think at the bottom of it, if Elliot fired Archie, it meant that he could never walk down Beacon Street or across Harvard Yard again and hold his head high when he met friends” (T. White 1975, 253).

This explanation captures the impact that social groups can exert on the decisions of public officials. People with whom officials have close

-88-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Judges and Their Audiences: A Perspective on Judicial Behavior
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 231

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.