1. Oliver Wendell Holmes, The Path of the Law, 10 HARV. L. REV. 457, 476 (1897).
2. See, e.g., ELIZABETH SCHNEIDER, BATTERED WOMEN AND FEMINIST LAWMAKING (2000); ANGELA BROWNE, WHEN BATTERED WOMEN KILL (1987); CHARLES P. EWING, BATTERED WOMEN WHO KILL (1987); LENORE WALKER, THE BATTERED WOMAN (1979); Holly Maguigan, Battered Women and Self-Defense: Myths and Misconceptions in Current Reform Proposals, 140 U. PA. L. REV. 379 (1991); Martha R. Mahoney Legal Images of Battered Women: Redefining the Issue of Separation, 90 MICH. L. REV. 1 (1991); Joshua Dressier, Battered Women Who Kill Their Sleeping Tormenters: Reflections on Maintaining Respect for Human Life While Killing Moral Monsters, in CRIMINAL LAW THEORY: DOCTRINES OF THE GENERAL PART 259 (2002); Laurie J. Taylor, Provoked Reason in Men and Women: Heat of Passion Manslaughter and Imperfect Self- Defense, 33 UCLA L. REV. 1679 (1986); Robert R Schopp, Barbara J. Sturgis, & Megan Sullivan, Battered Woman's Syndrome, Expert Testimony, and the Distinction between Justification and Excuse, 1994 U. III. L. REV. 45; Richard A. Rosen, On Self-Defense, Imminence, and Women Who Kill Their Batterers, 71 N.C. L. REV. 371 (1993); Charles Ewing, Psychological Self-Defense: A Proposed Justification for Battered Women Who Kill, 14 LAW AND HUMAN BEHAV. 579 (1990); Cathryn Jo Rosen, The Excuse of Self-Defense: Correcting a Historical Accident on Behalf of Battered Women Who Kill, 36 AM. U. L. REV. 11 (1986); David L. Faigman, Note, The Battered Woman Syndrome and SelfDefense: A Legal and Empirical Dissent, 72 VA. L. REV. 619 (1986); Elizabeth Schneider, Equal Rights to Trial for Women: Sex Bias in the Law of Self-Defense, 15 HARV. C.R.-C.L. L. REV. 623 (1980). See also Donna K. Coker, Heat of Passion and Wife Killing: Men Who Batter/Men Who Kill, 2 S. CAL. REV. L. & WOMEN'S STUD. 71 (1992); Elizabeth Rapaport, Capital Murder and the Domestic Discount: A Study of Capital Domestic Murder in the Post-Furman Era, 49 SMU L. REV. 1507 (1996).
3. There is considerable disagreement over whether dominant social norms help or hurt battered women who kill their abusers. Advocates for