WAR BETWEEN SPARTA AND ATHENS.--BATTLES OF TANAGRA AND OENOPHYTA. B.C. 457; Ol. 80. 3-4.
IT was after the victory of Myronides in the Megarid, and, if we could trust Diodorus, only a few days later, that the Phocians made an attack upon the small towns of Boion, Cytinion, and Erineon in Doris, under Mount Parnassus, and succeeded in capturing one of them; according to 1 Plutarch they also assumed the control of Delphi, which involved that of the oracle. Either of these events might at any time have provoked the interference of the Spartans; they were always jealous of their interests at Delphi, and Doris was recognised as the primaeval seat of the Peloponnesian Dorians, with a consequent though shadowy claim to their filial regard. At such a time even a slighter pretext might have served for the despatch to the north of an expedition which was so glaringly disproportionate to the professed object as to invite all the Dorian partisans of adjacent states to anticipate important changes. Nicomedes, son of Cleombrotus, and regent for Pleistoanax the youthful son of Pausanias, appeared there at the head of fifteen hundred hoplites and ten thousand allies, and it was quickly understood that whatever might be
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