LINGERING WARFARE OF SPARTA AND ATHENS.--THE FIVE YEARS' TRUCE.
B.C. 455-452; Ol. 81. 1--82. 1.
THE expression of Thucydides appears to imply that the fleet which impeded the return of the Lacedaemonians by the Crissaean gulf, had circumnavigated Peloponnesus, but even so it no doubt took advantage of the newly acquired harbour of Pegae; no account whatever is given of its strength, commander or further enterprises on the present occasion. It is during the archonship of Callias in 456-5 B.C., the year succeeding the battles of Tanagra and Oenophyta, that Diodorus dates an important naval expedition under command of Tolmides. This is also noticed, but most succinctly, by Thucydides, whose indication however of a synchrony with a dated event, the fall of Ithome, enables us to assign it to a year later, 455-54 B.C. The only doubt remains whether the numerous and important exploits which are ascribed to it, were confined to a single expedition and within a single year.
The difficulty of the Lacedaemonians with their Messenian war was now coming to an end; the impending reduction of Ithome would bring it to a conclusion, and if any further advantage of their engagement by this difficulty were to be taken by Athens, any encouragement to be given to the