ATHENS DEPRIVED OF POWER OVER BOEOTIA, MEGARA, AND PELOPONNESIAN STATES.--CONCLUSION OF PEACE FOR THIRTY YEARS.
IF national grandeur were invariably measured by extent of territorial control, the culmination of Athenian glory and power would be marked in the present years, but power and the glory that follows with it owe more to concentration than to diffusion of energy, and history cannot teach more usefully than by an example how the moral energy of a nation can surmount a deprivation of dependencies or provinces.
As the five years' truce between Athens and Sparta was approaching its end, which by due efflux of time would fall in 447-6 B.C., the opponents of Athens generally regained spirits; the rivals of the administrations especially, which her protectorate had sustained in power among the inland cities and tribes beyond her northern frontier, were agitated by projects of counter revolution. The conduct of the democracy, which rested upon her support at Thebes especially, had been such as could only prepare a desperate 1reaction. At last, at a certain interval after the Athenian interference at 2Delphi, the Boeotian exiles, excited as it seems by somewhat premature impatience or a tempting opportunity, seized____________________