THE PERICLEAN CONCEPTION OF CIVILISATION.
SUIDAS is the only authority for Pericles having written his speeches, and indeed having been the first to write out beforehand speeches that were to be delivered in public as extemporised; that he spoke at least after studied preparation, whether with strict adherence or not to premeditated words and order, might be assumed independently from the perfection of the result, and is all we can be assured of. True that not one authentic oration of his 1remains, and true even that none were in possession of antiquity; his psephisms were the only examples of his composition 2extant, but the characteristics and glory of his oratory were reflected in contemporary literature, and are again brought before us by a succeeding generation in notices that represent the unanimous voice of public tradition. Aristophanes spoke of the Olympian Pericles who lightened, thundered, and convulsed all Greece, expressions which Cicero, it would seem, from following the same authority that afterwards led 3 Diodorus into error, ascribed to Eupolis, correcting himself 4afterwards. Thucydides the son of Melesias, as we have seen, accepted the comparison of his struggles with him to a wrestling match, and so the comoedian Eupolis found, in the rapidity of his____________________