IONIAN PHILOSOPHY AT ATHENS.--ANAXAGORAS.
CRITICS of the style of Thucydides, have noticed the frequency and even reckoned up the number of instances of his contrasts or co-ordination of the efficiency of words and deeds; the funeral oration assigned to Pericles contains alone some sixteen examples. What has been called a sort of monomania of the writer may be better interpreted as undesignedly significant of the exceptional importance of speech in the Athenian world. The contrast of Athens to the sententious and taciturn Sparta was of course most marked, but it evidently existed no less in respect even of other states of Hellas. The forms of the constitution and the maxims of her free administration gave fullest range to that open declaration of opinion, the loss of which is reckoned by Aeschylus as a penalty of submission to Persia more degrading than arbitrary taxation or even Oriental prostrations. Words in a free country are the most important of all political actions; and the powers which language had asserted in the assembly and in the law courts, were now invoked as eagerly to set forth or controvert the various theories of philosophy which after flourishing undisturbed in independent seats, were here to be confronted, compared, and called upon to vindicate influence, honour, and even existence.
Miletus, the city of Aspasia, was the native seat of that philosophical movement the fostering of which was to be one