The Federal Preservation Program
|•||an expansive inventory of properties reflecting the full range of the national heritage,|
|•||a mechanism to protect those properties from unnecessary harm caused by federal activities,|
|•||a program of financial incentives, embracing both grants and tax incentives, to encourage the preservation of nonfederally owned historic properties, and|
|•||an independent federal preservation body to coordinate the actions of federal agencies affecting historic preservation.|
The resulting NHPA was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on October 15, 1966.2 The federal program that has since evolved adheres closely to the founding principles and organizational framework embodied in NHPA.
The underlying theme of American preservation is that of an effective partnership among federal, tribal, state, and local governments and the private sector. The current blend of governmental activity evolved from the initial leadership role assumed by the federal government early in the twentieth century. However, this partnership has always recognized that most preservation happens outside the federal government and, for the most part, in the private sec