We could not have completed this work without the financial assistance of the UCLA Academic Senate, the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Harvard's Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy, and the University of California's Institute on Global Cooperation and Conflict (IGCC). For valuable comments on earlier drafts, we thank participants in the following meetings and workshops: the IGCC Junior International Relations Faculty Colloquium, the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Department of Communication Colloquium, the Harvard Kennedy School's Faculty Workshop, Harvard's Department of Government's Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop, Stanford's Department of Political Science's International Relations Workshop, and Georgetown University's Public Policy Institute Seminar Series and American Politics Speaker Series, as well as numerous panelists, discussants, chairs, and thoughtful audience members at the annual conferences of the American Political Science Association, International Studies Association, Peace Science Society (International), and International Communication Association, at which we presented segments of this work. We also wish to thank several anonymous reviewers and our editor, Chuck Myers, for helpful comments on our Princeton proposal and manuscript drafts.
In completing our work, we were ably assisted by literally dozens of colleagues and institutions. First and foremost, we gratefully acknowledge the research assistance of Catie Bailard, Kim Yi Dionne, Jamie Georgia, Phil Gussin, Delynn Kaufman, Phil Potter, Rachel Potter, and Alan Potter. Our graduate research assistants also helped serve as fi eld marshals for a vast army of UCLA and UCSD undergraduates we enlisted to help with our content analysis. For their assistance with content analysis, we commend Alexander Akerman, Raul Alvarez, Jennifer Arnold, Jeff Barry, Suzanne Bell, Alexandra Brandt, Ross Bul, Stephanie Chambers, Frank Chang, Tim Chettiath, Connie Choe, Francis Choi, Blaire Cirlin, Jenny Cocco, Nicole Corpuz, Elizabeth Cummings, Sarah Davis, Jennifer Dekel, Melinda Dudley, Betty Fang, Brette Fishman, Nicole Fiss, Roxana Fouladian, Kristin Gatfi eld, Rita Ghuloum, Christina Gibson, Angela Gill, Daniel Gordon, Sasha Gorelick, Anjana Gupta, Kazue Harima, Megan Hayati, Julia Heiser, Jennifer Herriot, Candice Hyon, Marchela Iahdjian, Ruoyang Jin, Avraham Kalaf, Sangeeta Kalsi, Robin Kelly, Robert Kelly, Angela Kim, Jihyun Kim, Alain Kinaly, Daniella Knelman, Priya Koundinya, Lauren Kubota, Matt Lacoff-Roberts, Jennifer Lee, Leona Lee, Marissa Levi, Yanyi Mao, Blake Marchewka, Gerri Marshall, Frank