Taxation and Gender Equity: A Comparative Analysis of Direct and Indirect Taxes in Developing and Developed Countries

By Caren Grown; Imraan Valodia | Go to book overview
Tables
1.1Types of explicit and implicit bias in PIT12
2.1Key deductions and exemptions in PIT (excluding those for non-earning spouses and dependant children)26
2.2Tax relief for non-earning spouses and dependant children29
2.3On which type of household does the PIT incidence fall at each income level?31
2.4Zero rating and exemptions38
2.5Which quintile bears the highest incidence of each type of tax?40
2.6Incidence of indirect taxes by household type41
2.7Which household type, by quintile, bears the highest tax incidence on selected commodity items?43
3.1Argentina: Income tax applicable by income bracket70
3.2Argentina: Annual individual personal allowances70
3.3Argentina: Monthly Monotributo payments: activities related to the hiring and/or performance of services71
3.4Argentina: Monthly Monotributo payments: other activities71
3.5Argentina: Household composition and income by type72
3.6Argentina: Income tax by type of household and income source72
3.7Argentina: Excise tax rates74
3.8Argentina: Tax rates on fuels75
3.9Argentina: Overall incidence by household type: tax as percentage of expenditure76
3.10Argentina: Incidence by quintile: tax as percentage of expenditure77
3.11Argentina: Tax incidence by type of tax: base estimates and simulation of zero tax on food products83
3.12Argentina: Excise tax rates85
3.13Argentina: Estimated revenue comparison86
3.14Argentina: Tax incidence by type of tax: base estimates and overall tax simulation86
A.1Estimate of PIT by household type and contribution category91
4.1India: Gender disparities in Indian labour force participation rates, 2004–0595

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