39
THOMAS NAGEL

Thomas Nagel is professor of philosophy at New York University and the author of several works in ethics and philosophy of mind, including The View from Nowhere (1986). Much of Nagel's work involves showing the incongruities between objective and subjective perspectives, especially between the scientific explanation of humanness and our subjective experience of it. Something vital is lost in the reduction of mental states to brain states.

In this article Nagel argues against the view that the objective perspective is the correct one. He contends that the peculiarity of the subjective character experience is that increased objectivity actually takes us further from its real nature.


FOR FURTHER READING

Acton, Harry. Kant's Moral Philosophy (Macmillan, 1970).

Baier, Kurt. The Moral Point of View (Cornell University Press, 1958).

Broad, C. D. Five Types of Ethical Theory (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1930).

Donagan, Alan. The Theory of Morality (University of Chicago Press, 1977). A comprehensive deontological account of ethical theory.

Feldman, Fred. Introductory Ethics (Prentice-Hall, 1978), chaps. 7 and 8. A clear and critical exposition.

Gewirth, Alan. Reason and Morality (University of Chicago, 1978). Important but advanced.

Harris, C. E. Applying Moral Theories (Wadsworth, 1986), chap. 7. An excellent exposition of contemporary deontological theories, especially of Gewirth's work.

Hill, Tom. Dignity and Practical Reason (Cornell University Press, 1992).

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason, trans. Lewis White Beck (Bobbs-Merrill, 1956).

Kant, Immanual. Foundations of the Metaphysic of Morals, trans. Lewis White Beck (BobbsMerrill, 1959).

Korgaard, Christine. Creating the Kingdom of Ends (Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Louden, Robert. Morality and Moral Theory (Oxford University Press, 1991). A sophisticated contemporary account combining Kantian and virtue ethics.

Nagel, Thomas. Mortal Questions (Cambridge University Press, 1979).

Nagel, Thomas. Other Minds (Oxford University Press, 1995).

Nagel, Thomas. The Possibility of Altruism (Oxford University Press, 1970).

Nagel, Thomas. The View from Nowhere (Oxford University Press, 1986).

O'Neill, Onora. Acting on Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics (Columbia University Press, 1975).

O'Neill, Onora. Constructions of Reason (Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Raphael, D. D. Moral Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 1981), chap. 6.

Ross, W. D. Kant's Ethical Theory (Clarendon Press, 1954).

Ward, Keith. The Development of Kant's Views of Ethics (Blackwell, 1972).

Wolff, Robert P. The Autonomy of Reason: A Commentary on Kant's “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals”(Harper & Row, 1973).

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Classics of Philosophy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Time Line xi
  • Part One - The Ancient Period 1
  • 1: The Pre-Socratics 3
  • 2: Plato 20
  • 3: Aristotle 240
  • 4: Epicurus 357
  • 5: Epictetus 363
  • 6: Sextus Empiricus 374
  • 7: Plotinus 391
  • Part Two - The Medieval Period 405
  • 8: Augustine 407
  • 9: Boethius 447
  • 10: Avicenna 455
  • 11: Anselm and Gaunilo 458
  • 12: Thomas Aquinas 462
  • 13: William of Ockham 486
  • Part Three - The Modern Period 493
  • 14: RenÉ Descartes 495
  • 15: Thomas Hobbes 525
  • 16: Blaise Pascal 566
  • 17: Baruch Spinoza 570
  • 18: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 618
  • 19: John Locke 652
  • 20: George Berkeley 690
  • 21: William Paley 723
  • 22: David Hume 726
  • 23: Immanuel Kant 819
  • 24: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 914
  • 25: SØren Kierkegaard 922
  • 26: Mary Wollstonecraft 935
  • 27: John Stuart Mill 942
  • 28: Friedrich Nietzsche 1030
  • Part Four - The Contemporary Period 1059
  • 29: W. K. Clifford 1061
  • 30: Charles Sanders Peirce 1066
  • 31: William James 1076
  • 32: Bertrand Russell 1100
  • 33: G. E. Moore 1142
  • 34: Ludwig Wittgenstein 1150
  • 35: Edmund Husserl 1168
  • 36: Martin Heidegger 1185
  • 37: Jean-Paul Sartre 1207
  • 38: A. J. Ayer 1225
  • 39: Thomas Nagel 1234
  • 40: Philippa Foot 1242
  • 41: Nelson Goodman 1249
  • 42: John Rawls 1254
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