World and Its Peoples: Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa - Vol. 1

By Paul Bernabeo | Go to book overview

Bahrain

Bahrain is a small island state that has a long history as a trading center
in the Persian Gulf. The nation consists of three main islands: Bahrain,
Muharraq, and the Hawar Islands, which were disputed with neighboring
Qatar. The discovery of oil in the 1930s transformed the economy, and
the state was modernized. As oil reserves declined, Bahrain diversified to
become an important commercial, financial, and industrial center. A large
expatriate community now lives and works in Bahrain.


GEOGRAPHY
LocationWestern Asia, two main island groups in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabrighttd
ClimateHot and dry; humid in summer; milder in righter
Area253 sq. miles (655 sq. km)
Coastline100 miles (161 km)
Highest pointJabal ad Dukhan 400 feet (122 m)
Lowest pointBeside the Persian Gulf 0 feet (0 m)
TerrainLow desert plain with low central ridge
Natural resourcesPetroleum, natural gas, fish
Land use
Arable land4.4 percent
Permanent crops4.4 percent
Other91.3 percent
Major riversNone
Major lakesNone
Natural hazardsDrought, dust storms

METROPOLITAN AREAS,
2001 POPULATIONS
Urban population92 percent
Manama146,000
Manama city135,000
Jidd Hafs11,000
ar-Rifa80,000
Al-Muharraq56,000
Madinat Hamad53,000
Madinat Isa37,000

Source: Bahrain census. 2001


NEIGHBORS AND LENGTH OF BORDERS

None, except a short border the width of the highway on the King Fahd Causeway that connects Bahrain to Saudi Arabia.

-32-

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World and Its Peoples: Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 1
  • Set Contents 3
  • Advisory Board 4
  • Introduction 5
  • Contents 7
  • Geography and Climate 8
  • The Land of Arabia 10
  • Geology of the Arabian Peninsula 14
  • Climate of the Arabian Peninsula 16
  • Flora and Fauna of the Arabian Peninsula 20
  • History and Movement of Peoples 24
  • The Prophet Muhammad 26
  • Ottoman Arabia 28
  • Peoples of the Arabian Peninsula 30
  • Bahrain 32
  • Government 36
  • Modern History 37
  • Cultural Expression 38
  • Daily Life 40
  • Manama 42
  • Economy 43
  • Oman 46
  • Government 50
  • Modern History 51
  • Cultural Expression 52
  • Daily Life 54
  • Muscat 56
  • Economy 57
  • Qatar 60
  • Government 64
  • Modern History 65
  • Cultural Expression 66
  • Daily Life 68
  • Doha 70
  • Economy 71
  • Saudi Arabia 74
  • Government 78
  • Modern History 79
  • Cultural Expression - Literature 82
  • Art and Architecture 84
  • Music and Performing Arts 86
  • Festivals and Ceremonies 87
  • Food and Drink 88
  • Daily Life - Religion 89
  • Family and Society 92
  • Welfare and Housing 94
  • Education 96
  • Riyadh 98
  • Mecca 100
  • Medina 102
  • Jiddah 103
  • Economy 104
  • United Arab Emirates 108
  • Government 112
  • Modern History 113
  • Cultural Expression 114
  • Daily Life 116
  • Abu Dhabi 118
  • Dubayy 119
  • Economy 120
  • Yemen 124
  • Government 128
  • Modern History 129
  • Cultural Expression 130
  • Daily Life 132
  • Sanaa 134
  • Economy 136
  • Further Research 140
  • Index 142
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