adjutant The military title of an administrative officer of a regiment who issues orders on behalf of the commander, provides details about men assigned to detachments, and maintains muster rolls and other records.
aide-de-camp An officer who assists higher-ranked officers (usually generals), providing them a number of services, carrying their orders, and speaking with their authority. The aide received extra pay and was often considered a member of the general's “family.”
backcountry The interior of the southern colonies adjacent to the frontier. This was a thinly settled zone of small farms and few towns.
battalion A unit of infantry composed of at least four companies. The term also came to be used interchangeably with “regiment,” in part because most Revolutionary War regiments by the time of Guilford Courthouse were under strength. See regiment.
bayonet A triangular steel blade that attached to the muzzle of a musket. In effect, this made the musket a spear for close combat. The bayonet allowed men to attack the enemy and defend themselves when their muskets were unloaded.
brevet An unpaid rank awarded an officer to recognize achievement that gave him