THE AACM'S NEXT WAVE
Back to the United States. We didn't work for a couple of years, but
we were rehearsing nearly every day.
—Joseph Jarman, radio interview
The warmth of the AACM's European reception provided a sharp contrast with the paucity of Stateside work; even so, there was no wholesale rush to Europe among AACM musicians. Relatively few AACM musicians could have sustained the costs of a short-term European residency, and the idea of actually relocating there was even less appealing to most. One exception was Leonard Jones, who left Chicago for Germany in 1969, not long after the departure of the first wave of Europe-bound AACM members.1
For those who were returning from Europe, the thought of remaining in Chicago was, quite understandably, far from uppermost in their minds. As Anthony Braxton commented, “ 'The music was taken out of the community'—that's a great phrase, but in fact that's not what happened. The musicians go where the gigs are.” Thus, Braxton, Leo Smith, and Leroy Jenkins returned to Chicago for only a brief period. As Jenkins related, “I just went back to collect my retirement money from the teaching job that I had, a couple of thousand. I figured I'd go to New York, because when I came back to Chicago I