In writing any such broad-gauged volume, authors accumulate many debts. We certainly have. From Michael Malone, special thanks to three fine professors and friends, Father William Bischoff, Elmo Richardson, and David Stratton, who introduced him to western history; to Earl Pomeroy, William Lang, and Richard Roeder for their helpful advice and professional friendship; and to Sue Bender, Diane Arnold, Patsy Culver, and JoAnn Amend for their exceptional assistance in preparing the manuscript. From Richard Etulain, special thanks go to Bob Woodward, Ed Bingham, and Earl Pomeroy, teachers and friends who introduced him to western history; to Jerry Nash, Frank Szasz, and Bob Swanson, colleagues, for their stimulating conversations about the modern West; to Pat Dcvejian for bringing order, so cheerfully and competently, to his scrambled prose; and to Karen Schwehn for reading galleys.
Together, we owe much to our friend and colleague Kenneth Owens, who helped us to design this project; it benefited considerably from his criticism and assistance. Finally, as the dedication indicates, we offer special thanks to our wives, Kathleen Malone and Joyce Etulain, for all their support over many years.