Good and Evil: Love
It's a truism, at least in anthropology, that within the different cultures and ways of living which men share they have developed moralities that differ from one another in many ways. Various conditions, physical and other, obviously shape men's lives. Lives so shaped are the soil in which different values are thrown up and grow, and these in turn contribute to the shaping of men's lives. The relationship in question is a two-way one. These conditions and the way men respond and adapt to them may be spoken of as the roots of the different moralities to be found among men.
Thus in the way men adapt to them these conditions shape people's lives, and it is in the course of this adaptation that men develop values which measure their lives and ideals which inspire them in the way they live these lives. These in turn further contribute to the shaping of the form of life in which they partake. The conditions and the values are thus related in a seamless way, the values and ideals themselves contributing to the conditions to which men adapt. While men appropriate these values and adapt to the conditions seen from the perspective of these values, the resources in them which they put into this work are themselves made possible by the values they develop in the course of their adaptation to these conditions. In the life of the individual it is
1 The objections considered in the second half of this chapter come from a paper by
Professor D.Z. Phillips, 'Ethics and Humanistic Ethics—a Reply to Dilman' (Alanen,
Heinamaa, and Wallgren 1997, pp. 153–176).