|III. Orthography and Language|
|IV. Religion and Mythology|
I. History.–Historical events of Ugarit are representative of a marginal region between the Semitic (Canaanite) and Hurrian linguistic areas, and between the zones of influence of Egypt to the south and the Hittites and Mittani to the north. Accordingly, the small city-state of Ugarit could play only a passive role for the most part. For the archeological reconstruction of the history of the city prior to 1500 B.C., see RÂS SHAMRAH.
Political and juridical archives recovered from the royal palace of Ugarit (written mostly in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time) make possible the reconstructtion of the history in the 14th and 13th centuries. Ugarit was at that time the capital of a kingdom extending from the Mediterranean to the Orontes valley (30-45 km. "20-30 mi.") and from Jebel el-'Aqra (Mt. Casius) to Shuksi (Tell Sukas) and the Jebeleh plain (where the vassal states of Siyanni and Ushnatu were located) — about 60 km. (35 mi.) of the coastal region.
Ugarit was a vassal of Egypt (as was all the Syrian coast