Because God's word to the oppressed is a word of rescue/liberation and of reticence/invitation, the oppressed respond to injustice with rage and resistance. But what should be the response of the oppressor? We have seen in Chapter 4 that God's word to the oppressor is a word of rebuke and requisition. What is the appropriate response from oppressors being confronted with these words?
A methodological difficulty confronts us here. I have stated above my preference for hearing the words of the oppressed—Mang Juan's fish. But now we ask about Mang Juan's birds. Understandably, the fish have largely ignored the question of justice for the birds. By and large, they focus on justice in the ocean, not justice in the sky. They have paid less attention to the response of oppressors than to the need for developing resistance among the oppressed.
Thus it seems that in order to know what the response of the oppressor should be, we must listen to the birds. Yet to accept only what the birds themselves say about justice is to court the danger of a “pie-inthe-sky” justice that adopts the view of the oppressor and ignores justice from the view of the oppressed. If birds had been saying significant things about justice, perhaps there would be less injustice today. Indeed, because justice is not as much of a concern for birds who fly so easily through the air as it is for fish who swim against currents in the ocean, very little has been written by oppressors about justice.1