Part II—Country Studies (Category B)
and the ICRC
The Introduction to Chapter Eight, above, has outlined the reasons for examining
training in countries such as those in Category (B)—ie countries with considerable
current or recent experience of armed conflict 'abroad' (not within their own jurisdiction); and/or that were or had recently been substantially involved in training of
armed forces other than their own, and/or in peace support activities. The selection
of these countries proved difficult, and in some ways the final choice regarding
Categories (A) and (B) was unsatisfactory, as already mentioned (particularly in
seeming to fall broadly into a 'north/south' divide). Nonetheless, the military training practice of the selected countries is revealing.
Country Studies: Category (B)—Countries Substantially
Involved in Armed Conflict 'Abroad', and/or in Training,
and/or in Peace Support Operations
i Relevant Treaties Signed, Ratified, etc.
|– the 1949 GCs (ratified on 14 October 1958)|
|– the 1977 GPs (ratified on 21 June 1991)|
|– the 1989 CRC (ratified on 17 December 1990)|
|– the 1997 Ottawa Convention (ratified on 14 January 1999)|
|– the 1998 Statute of the ICC (ratified on 2 July 2002)|
|– the 2000 Optional Protocol on Child Soldiers (signed on 21 October 2002)|
Australia had, at the time of writing, not ratified the 1999 ILO Convention 182.