Military Training and Children in Armed Conflict: Law, Policy, and Practice

By Jenny Kuper | Go to book overview

Appendix 2
Civil-Military Cooperation:1 Save the
Children, West Africa

As already mentioned in Chapter Seven above, a great deal of military training relevant to the treatment of children (whether on IHL in general, or specifically focussing on children) involves civil-military co-operation, in that it is conducted by, or with input from, the ICRC and/or various NGOs and others such as UNICEF.2

Save the Children has established a programme of military training that is probably the most well-documented and detailed initiative of this kind that focuses specifically on children. This work has, to the time of writing, been located particularly in East and West Africa, and in Sweden. Their work in West Africa will be discussed briefly below, by way of example.

As regards the West Africa initiative, Save the Children describe their aim as putting 'child rights and child protection on to military training curricula in the region' with the ultimate goal of bringing about 'a change in military behaviour towards children'.3 They emphasise that soldiers must be informed of this aim, and be reassured that the purpose of the training is not to pursue soldiers for abuses of child rights.4

Save the Children argue that:

[c]ivilians, and women and children in particular, are increasingly the victims of
armed conflict. In West Africa children constitute the majority of the population
and their rights have been hugely abused in recent conflicts. Interaction between
children and military personnel (from both governmental and non-state entities) has
increased in recent and existing conflicts. This growing interface is not monitored
or integrated into military strategic planning in any way. Recognition of the need to
introduce children's issues into the regional military agenda on a systematic basis
comes from a combined understanding of the impact of conflict on children and the
ever-increasing interaction that members of armed forces have with children and
their communities.5

Specifically as regards the relationship between armed forces and humanitarian organisations, Save the Children comment that:

-187-

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Military Training and Children in Armed Conflict: Law, Policy, and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Table of Treaties and Other Selected Legal Instruments xvi
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • Part 1 19
  • 2: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 21
  • 3: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 33
  • 4: Part 1 (A)(1)—law and Policy 45
  • 5: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 59
  • 6: Part I(A)(2)—law and Policy 81
  • Part I 97
  • 7: Part I(B)—impact of Law and Policy 99
  • Part II 119
  • 8: Part Ii—introduction and Country Studies (Category A) 121
  • 9: Part Ii—country Studies (Category B) and the Icrc 151
  • Part III 167
  • 10: Conclusion 169
  • Appendices 177
  • Appendix 1: Captured Child Soldiers in Non-International and in International Armed Conflict 1 179
  • Appendix 2: Civil-Military Cooperation 187
  • Appendix 3: Charts 191
  • Appendix 4: 'Background Notes' to Country Studies—category (A) and Category (B) 215
  • Appendix 5: Sample Training Materials 239
  • Appendix 6: Summary 263
  • Bibliography 271
  • Index 289
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