The Sacrifice of Isaac: The Aqedah (Genesis 22) and Its Interpretations

By Ed Noort; Eibert Tigchelaar | Go to book overview

THE SACRIFICE OF ISAAC IN 4Q225

Florentino García Martínez

Qumran Instituut-Groningen

We do not often encounter the name of the Patriarch Isaac in the non-Biblical manuscripts from Qumran. The orthography of the name fluctuates between the tsade and the sin (as in the Biblical text), although on the majority of occasions, the name is written with sin, and even once with samek (in 4Q225 2 i 9). Altogether, I have counted 22 occurrences of the name of the Patriarch. There are two mentions of Isaac in 4Q364 (the [Rewritten Pentateuch])1 in passages which reproduce Gen 25:14 and 35:28 but which do not add anything in this respect to the MT (4Q364 1:2 and 8:2). On three other occasions, only the name has been preserved, but without any context: 4Q273 4 i 9;2 4Q509 24:2;3 6Q18 2:7.4 The name of Isaac is usually part of the classical list of Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (CD 3:3;5 4Q180 1:5 and 4Q181 2:1;6 4Q379 17:4;7 4Q388 7 ii 2;8 4Q393 4:5;9 4Q505 124:6 and 4Q508 3:3).10 From these 14 references, we do not learn anything substantial about Isaac, and of course, nothing about the Aqedah; neither do we find the expected

1 Edited by E. Tov and S. White in Qumran Cave 4. VIII: Parabiblical Texts. Part
I (DJD XIII; Clarendon: Oxford, 1994), 205 and 214, pls. XIII–XIV.

2 Edited by J.M. Baumgarten in Qumran Cave 4. XIII: The Damascus Document
(DJD XVIII; Clarendon: Oxford, 1996), 196, pl. XLI.

3 Edited by M. Baillet in Qumrân Grotte 4. III (DJD VII; Clarendon: Oxford,
1982), 193, pl. XIII.

4 Edited by M. Baillet in Les 'Petites Grottes' de Qumrân (DJD III; Clarendon:
Oxford, 1962), 133, pl. XXVII.

5 Edited by E. Qimron in M. Broshi (ed.) The Damascus Document Reconsidered
(Israel Exploration Society: Jerusalem, 1992).

6 Edited by J.M. Allegro in Qumran Cave 4. I (DJD V; Clarendon: Oxford, 1968)
78 and 80, pls. XXVII and XVIII.

7 Edited by C. Newsom in Qumran Cave 4. XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3 (DJD
XXII; Clarendon: Oxford, 1996), 274, pl. xxii.

8 Edited by D. Dimant in Qumran Cave 4. xxi: Parabiblical Texts, Part 4:
Pseudo-Prophetic Texts DJD XXX; Clarendon: Oxford, 2001), 208, pl. VII.

9 Edited by D. Falk in Qumran Cave 4. XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2
(DJD XXIX; Clarendon: Oxford, 1999), 58, pl. III.

10 Edited by M. Baillet in Qumrân Grotte 4. III (DJD VII; Clarendon: Oxford,
1982), 169 and 179, pls. XXIII and LIV.

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