The Rural Poor in Eighteenth-Century Wales

By David W. Howell | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction

1 I owe this observation to Dr Prys Morgan.

2 J. V. Beckett, 'The peasant in England: a case of terminological confusion?', Ag. Hist. Rev., 32 (1984).

3 Trefor M. Owen, 'Historical aspects of peat-cutting in Merioneth', Jnl. Mer. Hist. and Rec. Soc, 7 (1973–6).

4 Melvin Humphreys, The Crisis of Community: Montgomeryshire Society 1680–1815 (Cardiff, 1996); Glyn Parry, 'Stability and change in mideighteenth century Caernarvonshire' (unpub. MA thesis, Univ. of Wales, 1978); R. F. Suggett, 'Some aspects of village life in eighteenthcentury Glamorgan' (unpub. B.Litt. thesis, Univ. of Oxford, 1976).


Chapter 1 Prologue: Setting the Scene: The Land and the People

1 L. Symons, Agricultural Geography (London, 1968), 21–57.

2 A. W. Ashby and I. L. Evans, The Agriculture of Wales (Cardiff, 1944), 208.

3 Symons, Agricultural Geography, 21; G. W. Robinson, 'Natural factors in Welsh agriculture', The Welsh Outlook (September 1931).

4 M. E. Hughes and A. J. James, Wales, A Physical, Economic and Social Geography (London 1961), part i, 80–4.

5 NLW MS 1760A.

6 David Jenkins, The Agricultural Community in South-West Wales at the turn of the Twentieth Century (Cardiff, 1971), 40–1.

7 B. E. Howells, 'Social and agrarian change in early modern Cardiganshire', Ceredigion, vii (1972–5), 267.

8 W. Davies, A General View of the Agriculture and Domestic Economy of South Wales (London, 1814), i, 161,309–10; W. J. Lewis, 'The condition of labour in early nineteenth-century Cardiganshire', Ceredigion, iv, 4 (1963), 321; Parry, 'Stability and change', 196–7; B. H. Malkin, The Scenery, Antiquities and Biography of South Wales (2nd edn, London, 1807), ii, 417–18.

9 Frank Emery, 'Wales', in J. Thirsk (ed.), AHE&W, V, i (Cambridge, 1984), 409–28.

-247-

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The Rural Poor in Eighteenth-Century Wales
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Maps, Figures and Tables vi
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • 1: Prologue Setting the Scene 1
  • Part I - Wresting a Mere Subsistence 31
  • 2: Tenant Farmers and Small Freeholders 33
  • 3: Craftsmen and Artisans 58
  • 4: The Labouring Poor 66
  • 5: The Dependent Poor 93
  • 6: Relations in Working the Land 116
  • Part II - Rough and Rebellious Communities 135
  • 7: Popular Culture, Religion and Alternative Belief 137
  • 8: The People and Politics 157
  • 9: Riots and Popular Resistance 177
  • 10: Violent and Light-Fingered Neighbourhoods 209
  • 11: Epilogue 'the Old Order Changeth' 241
  • Notes 247
  • Bibliography 296
  • Index 308
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