FOR FURTHER STUDY
Throughout the text, in addition to the works directly quoted and cited, a number of Notes recommended books and articles for further reading for in-depth consideration of various topics. Other books have been cross-referenced to explain concepts being discussed. The list of recommended works has been consolidated here with their explanatory notes.
Almond, Brenda. Exploring Ethics: A Traveller's Tale. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1998. A longer introduction than Pojman or Rachels, which presents basic ethical themes and additional themes of free will, autonomy, diversity, and justice within a lively narrative dialogue.
Cavalier, Robert J., James Guinlock, and James P. Sterba, ed. Ethics in the History of Western Philosophy. New York: St. Martin's Press, c. 1989. Addresses central figures (Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Hume, Kant, Mill, Hegel, Nietzsche, Sartre, and Rawls) and their ethical thought.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. A Short History of Ethics: A history of moral philosophy from the Homeric Age to the twentieth century. New York: Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing, c. 1966. The best brief introduction to the course of Western ethical thought through time.
Norman, Richard. The Moral Philosophers: An Introduction to Ethics. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Includes concise explanative essays and bibliographies of the primary works of the central figures in Western ethics.
Pojman, Louis P. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1994. A thorough introduction to ethical concepts that cover ethical reasoning, relativism, egoism, Utility and other consequentialist theories, Kantian and other deontic theories, virtue ethics, and social-contract theory.
Rachels, James. The Elements of Moral Philosophy, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1993. An alternative to Pojman; another thorough introduction to ethical concepts.
Robinson, Dave, and Chris Garrett. Introducing Ethics, ed. Richard Appignanesi. New York: Totem Books, c. 1996. A lively, brief, illustrated introduction to the major moral questions, disputes, and philosophers, with good coverage of late-twentieth-century applied ethics problems and Continental philosophers.
Singer, Peter, ed. A Companion to Ethics, Blackwell Companions to Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, c.1991, 1993. The best single source. It expands upon the themes in the already mentioned works with sections on global ethical traditions; religious ethical traditions; contemporary applied ethics concerns such as poverty, euthanasia, and environmentalism; and critiques of the Western traditions such as those launched by Marxism and feminism.
Trusted, Jennifer. Moral Principles and Social Values. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987. Includes judgments, facts, values, the law, politics, and rights in her introductory work.
Bok, Sissela. Lying: Moral Choices in Public and Private Life. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978. Bok is arguably the premier contemporary ethicist who has examined the ethics of lying.
Bok, Sissela. Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.