Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

By Marion A. Kaplan | Go to book overview

English Glossary

We have used the standard Sephardic pronunciations and spellings of Hebrew words in the text (similar to modern-day Hebrew) rather than the original Ashkenazic pronunciation or spelling.

ABITUR: University qualifying exam given at the completion of the Gymnasium.

ALTREICH: Pre-1938 Germany.

ARBA KANFOT: (lit. "four corners") Fringed four-cornered garment traditionally worn under outer clothing by Jewish males.

ASHKENAZ: Hebrew for Germany, later extended to all parts of northern Europe where the descendants of the medieval German Jews settled.

BAAL SHEM: (lit. "Master of the Name") Title of a rabbi who ostensibly made miracles happen.

BAR MITZVAH: (lit. "Son of the Commandment") The ceremony in which a boy attains religious manhood and responsibility upon reaching the age of thirteen.

BEDECKEN: Veiling ceremony before a traditional Jewish wedding.

BEHELFER: (lit. "helper") Teacher's assistant in a traditional Jewish school (heder).

BETH HAMIDRASH: House of study in which male householders and scholars studied religious texts and held religious services.

BILDUNG: Education and cultivation, including character formation, moral growth, and good breeding.

BOCHER: An unmarried yeshiva student.

BRAUTSCHAV: Viewing of the bride by the groom before he decides if he will marry her.

-ix-

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Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945 iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • English Glossary ix
  • Title Page 1
  • Introduction: Marion A. Kaplan 3
  • Part I: On the Threshold of Modernity 9
  • 1: The Environment of Jewish Life 11
  • 2: Family Life 24
  • 3: Childhood and Education 41
  • 4: Economic Life 54
  • 5: Religious and Communal Life 70
  • 6: Social Relations 84
  • Part II: The Beginning of Integration 93
  • 7: Jewish Residential Patterns 95
  • 8: Family Life 107
  • 9: Education 118
  • 10: Economic Life 130
  • 11: Religious Practice and Mentality 144
  • 12: German Jews and Their German Jews and Their 159
  • Part III: As Germans and as Jews in Imperial Germany 173
  • 13: Surroundings 175
  • 14: Family 182
  • 15: Education 201
  • 16: Work 215
  • 17: Religious Practices, Mentalities,And Community 235
  • 18: Social Life 252
  • Part IV: From Everyday Life to a State of Emergency 271
  • 19: Housing and Housekeeping 273
  • 20: Family Life 283
  • 21: Education and Vocational Training 291
  • 22: Career and Employment 306
  • 23: Religious Practice in the Synagogue and at Home 323
  • 24: Leisure Time and Social Life 333
  • 25: Constricting and Extinguishing Jewish Life 346
  • Conclusion 375
  • Notes 387
  • Bibliography 477
  • Index 507
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