We have used the standard Sephardic pronunciations and spellings of Hebrew words in the text (similar to modern-day Hebrew) rather than the original Ashkenazic pronunciation or spelling.
ABITUR: University qualifying exam given at the completion of the Gymnasium.
ALTREICH: Pre-1938 Germany.
ARBA KANFOT: (lit. "four corners") Fringed four-cornered garment traditionally worn under outer clothing by Jewish males.
ASHKENAZ: Hebrew for Germany, later extended to all parts of northern Europe where the descendants of the medieval German Jews settled.
BAAL SHEM: (lit. "Master of the Name") Title of a rabbi who ostensibly made miracles happen.
BAR MITZVAH: (lit. "Son of the Commandment") The ceremony in which a boy attains religious manhood and responsibility upon reaching the age of thirteen.
BEDECKEN: Veiling ceremony before a traditional Jewish wedding.
BEHELFER: (lit. "helper") Teacher's assistant in a traditional Jewish school (heder).
BETH HAMIDRASH: House of study in which male householders and scholars studied religious texts and held religious services.
BILDUNG: Education and cultivation, including character formation, moral growth, and good breeding.
BOCHER: An unmarried yeshiva student.
BRAUTSCHAV: Viewing of the bride by the groom before he decides if he will marry her.