The editions of The Red Badge of Courage to which reference has been made throughout this study are as follows:
Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage: An Episode of the American Civil War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1895. Facsimile, with introduction by Joseph Katz. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merrill, 1969.
——. The Red Badge of Courage: An Episode of the American Civil War. Restoration and introduction by Henry Binder. New York: Avon, 1983.
——. Stephen Crane's Novel of the Civil War: The Red Badge of Courage, an Historically Annotated Edition. Edited by Charles J. LaRocca. Fleischmann's, NY: Purple Mountain, 1995.
Aaron, Daniel. The Unwritten War: American Writers and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1973.
Adams, Michael C. C. The Great Adventure: Male Desire and the Coming of World War I. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.
Alexander, Edward Porter. Fighting for the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of General Edward Porter Alexander. Edited by Gary Gallagher. Chapel Hill: North Carolina University Press, 1989.
Arnold, Matthew. "The Function of Criticism at the Present Time." In Four