Various individuals and institutions have assisted in the course of the research and writing of this book. My greatest debt is to Pierre Lanfranchi, the supervisor of the PhD out of which this book developed. He has provided encouragement and inspiration in equal measures and remains a continual source of advice and criticism both in my own work and in the collaborative projects we have since pursued. My second supervisor, Wray Vamplew, helped to guide me through the early setbacks and provided pertinent and useful comments throughout. Tony Arnold, Neil Carter, Neal Garnham, Roy Hay, Richard Holt, Martin Johnes, Tony Mason, Bert Moorhouse, William Morgan, Stephen Wagg and James Walvin also assisted at different stages with interesting ideas and valuable insights. At De Montfort University, I was lucky enough to receive the support and encouragement of friends and colleagues in the International Centre for Sports History and Culture and the History department more generally. In addition to Pierre, Wray, Dick and Tony M, I would like to thank Daryl Adair, Nick Carter, Tony Collins, Mike Cronin, John Martin, Jason McDonald, Panikos Panayi, David Ryan, David Sadler, Mark Sandle and David Thoms. My new colleagues at Portsmouth, meanwhile, provided a supportive environment to discuss ideas and the necessary space to complete the manuscript.
A number of football clubs and bodies proved remarkably open and friendly to my inquiries. I am especially grateful to David Barber at the Football Association, Lorna Parnell at the Football League and Gordon Taylor at the Professional Footballers' Association, who allowed me to study private archives and documents. The administrators, archivists and club historians at Arsenal, Aston Villa, Huddersfield Town, Oldham Athletic, Sheffield United, West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers were inviting and helpful, as were the staff at the various libraries and public record offices I visited across the country. Jeff Walden kindly gave permis-