The Leaguers: The Making of Professional Football in England, 1900-1939

By Matthew Taylor | Go to book overview

CHAPTER FOUR
Players II:
Labour Relations

In common with broader historical interpretations of managerial activity, existing accounts of relations between footballers and their employers have tended to apply the notion of 'paternalism' without sufficient explanation or conceptual precision.1 While there is little doubt that the notion of the individual capitalist 'father' looking after and caring for 'his boys' has an obvious appeal in the environment of male professional sport, it serves nonetheless to simplify the range and variety of managerial strategies that were available to employers in this as in other industries. By the turn of the century, the largely direct and personalised relationships between employers and workers that characterised nineteenth-century paternalism were increasingly being superseded in many industries by more formalised and bureaucratic labour strategies such as scientific management, collective bargaining and the introduction of welfare schemes.2 Professional football was certainly not immune to these developments. More than this, an emphasis on traditional paternalism ignores the importance of central administrative bodies, such as the Football League and the FA, which as we have seen assumed considerable direct and indirect control over the payment of professionals, the regulation of the labour market and other aspects of capital–labour relations. In this context, the immutable picture of the paternal employer presiding over a deferential workforce is no more adequate as a complete explanation of labour relations in football than it is in the older manufacturing or the emerging service industries.

The concept of workplace control has been a major preoccupation of labour historians, but it still remains rather vague and wide-ranging. In the Marxist variant developed by Braverman, control at work was secured by employers through a gradual process of de-skilling, technological change and the sub-division of work tasks, which led to the subordination of the workforce.3 While this interpretation has been seriously criticised historically, particularly in the British context, other

-126-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Leaguers: The Making of Professional Football in England, 1900-1939
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 320

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.