Understanding Crime Prevention: Social Control, Risk, and Late Modernity

By Gordon Hughes | Go to book overview

chapter one Mapping the terrain of crime prevention
Crime prevention: a recent growth industry
Meanings of crime prevention
The state, the politics of law and order and crime prevention
Crime prevention: a new paradigm of crime control?
Unpacking the concept of crime prevention
Classifying types of crime prevention
Contexts and discourses of crime prevention
Summary
Further reading

Crime prevention: a recent growth industry

The last decades of the twentieth century have witnessed a growth of interest in crime prevention across the varied constituencies of academic researchers, practitioners in the criminal justice system, private sector knowledge brokers, politicians and the public at large. Indeed crime prevention has become what may be termed a 'buzzword' in policy circles across most countries of the world. It has been claimed by some criminologists that crime prevention has become a major organizing principle of almost all Western criminal justice systems (Roberts and Grossman, 1990: 76). Bottoms and Wiles have claimed more modestly that during the last 20 to 30 years in many Western societies there has been a general government-led movement for the development of an organized set of activities under the general heading of crime prevention (Bottoms and Wiles, 1996: 1). It also needs to be emphasized that there has been a massive increase in the production of, and trade in, private security, anti-risk techniques of crime prevention, from locks and alarms to the use of capitalist companies, such as the security corporation of Group 4 for crime control functions previously set aside for state agencies. The acknowledgement of such an international development

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