Positivism and the cure of 'criminal man'
Introduction The positivist paradigm in criminology
The Lombrosian project Positivist crime prevention and the modernist project Psychological and sociological positivisms in the twentieth
Rehabilitation as 'prevention' Community development as 'prevention': the Chicagoan project The post-war triumph of social democratic positivism in the UK The demise and 're-birth' of the rehabilitative ideal
The new genetics of criminality Developmental crime prevention Critical appraisal of the positivist crime prevention discourse Summary Further reading
In this chapter I examine the most influential paradigm in criminology which also spawned a discourse of crime prevention institutionalized by the modern state. 'Big' claims have been made for the centrality of the positivist paradigm to the whole criminological project in both academe and institutions of the social control complex (see Garland, 1994). It is difficult to deny this contention. It would seem that criminology during the last 100 years became inextricably associated with the new positivist science of crime causation and prevention, based on the search for, and cure of, 'criminal man'. In turn, this positivist project has been carried out within an empiricist