PROVISIONAL LIST OF MOTTES IN SCOTLAND
This census of mottes in Scotland is based principally on field identifications made by the former Archaeology Division of the Ordnance Survey and by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. These have been supplemented by information from other sources, and this revision has benefited especially from the work of Eric Talbot of the University of Glasgow.1 Most of the sites noted under the counties of Berwickshire, Dumfriesshire, East Lothian, Fife, Kirkcudbright, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire, Stirlingshire and Wigtownshire have already been published in the relevant RCAHMS Inventories.2 The lists for the three south-western counties were revised, however, and other identifications were made, particularly in Ayrshire and Lanarkshire, during marginal land surveys of field monuments in 1951–5 and 1956–8.3 In addition, since the first publication of this list in 1972, mottes and other types of medieval earthwork have been included in the classified lists of field monuments published in the RCAHMS Archaeological Sites and Monuments Series, No. 1 (1978)—. I am much indebted to Peter Corser for extracting and arranging all the available information that has come to light as a result of this work. Most of the other material is contained on the Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division's unpublished record cards.
The aim of the census is simply to supply a provisional list of sites as a basis for further observations and research. Doubtful cases are indicated wherever possible, but many of the identifications are of course subject to confirmation and correction. No attempt has been made to distinguish between different motte-structures or to identify other types of defensive constructions, except for the ringworks noted mainly by Mr Talbot.
The term 'motte' has been mostly omitted from the titles, but the name of the parish has been included if required for an unambiguous identification. The sites are arranged by six-figure grid references within an alphabetical order of counties, and it has proved more convenient to maintain the arrangement of the pre-1975 counties in this revision. Uncertain identifications are indicated by a four-figure grid reference or are simply marked 'unidentified'.
1. E.J. Talbot, 'Early Scottish castles of earth and timber: recent field-work and excavation', Scottish Archaeol. Forum, vi (1974), pp. 48–57, esp. at pp. 54–6. An attempt has been made to bring the present list up to date in the light of this and other notices of mottes, but not all have been included here. Cf., e.g., the addition suggested in Barrow, Era, p. 110,