Essays on the Nobility of Medieval Scotland

By K. J. Stringer | Go to book overview

APPENDIX II
PRELIMINARY LIST OF SCOTTISH CASTLES RECORDED IN
DOCUMENTS OR CHRONICLES DOWN TO 1249

This list is based on a survey of standard sources, but does not claim to be comprehensive. It records only places which are specifically described by the words castrum, castellum, or, occasionally, oppidum. Various other words of less specific meaning may also denote a fortified site or structure. For example, manerium can mean a 'manor-house', and the manerium of Leuchars, Fife (St Andrews Liber, pp. 397–8, datable 1280 × 1297) is a motte (Appendix I, no. 161). The word curia can mean a house as well as a court, as it does in an unusually descriptive reference to a house at Lamberton, Berwickshire, perhaps of the reign of Alexander II (J. Raine, The History and Antiquities of North Durham [London, 1852], app., no. 649). An aula such as that at Congalton, East Lothian, probably c. 1224 (Dryb. Lib., no. 24), may represent what in architectural terms would be called a 'hall-house'.

DATESOURCE
ANGUS
1 Forfarbefore 1197St Andrews Liber,p. 354
2 Montrose1165 × 1214RRS,ii, no. 556
ARGYLL
3 Cairnaburgh (More)1249Anderson, Early Sources,ii,
p. 556; Duncan, Scotland,p. 551
4 Dunaverty1248CDS,i, no. 1865; Duncan, Scotland,p. 550
AYRSHIRE
5 Ayr1197Melrose Liber,i, no. 103
6 Greenan1175 × 1199Ibid.,no. 34
7 Irvine1184Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi(Rolls Ser., 1867), i, pp. 312–13
8 Unidentified site probably in
Carrick
1175 × 1199
Melrose Liber,i, no. 31
BANFFSHIRE
9 Boharmbefore 1242Moray Reg.,nos. 23, 64
BERWICKSHIRE
10 Berwick1173Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi,i, p. 47
11 Lauder1173Ibid.

-22-

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