This chapter presents the results of the tabular and logistic regression analyses that provide tests of the hypotheses derived from the four-threat theory discussed in chapters two and four.98 The tabular results (Tables 3 to 7) are presented first followed by the logistic regression findings (Tables 8 to 16).
In Table 3 and the following tables, the chi-square (X2) test statistic and its associated significance level (p) reveal whether derived cell frequencies differ significantly from the frequencies expected given the marginal distributions of the independent and dependent variables. Goodman and Kruskal tau (τ) and lambda (λ) are proportional reduction in error measures of association that give the strength of the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. The p-value reveals the level of statistical significance.
Table 3 presents the results of the cross-tabulation of death sentence disposition by state. Of all inmates removed from the sentence of death in California, 2.4% were executed, 10.6% had their sentences commuted, 62.4% had their sentences declared unconstitutional or overturned, and 24.7% had their convictions overturned. In Florida, 8.5% were executed, 1.5% had their sentences commuted, 64.4% had their sentences declared unconstitutional or overturned, and 25.7% had their convictions overturned. In Texas, 39.5% were executed, 14.8% had their sentences