The Elite and General Population
The main source of data used in this book was generated by the project on "social stratification in Eastern Europe after 1989," headed by Ivan Szelenyi. The Czech elite and general population surveys were carried out during 1993–94, as was the Slovak general population survey. The Slovak elite survey was completed in 1998.
In both countries, national probability samples of about 5,000 adults (aged eighteen to seventy) were interviewed about their employment, educational, and party membership histories. Other questions probed the social origins, occupation, property, education, and party membership of parents and grandparents. The wording of the questions was identical because the two languages are extremely similar.
There were three elite samples: (1) "nomenklatura" sample of 1,000 individuals who were in nomenklatura positions as of January 1, 1988; (2) new political and cultural elites sample, containing 400 individuals who were incumbents of political and cultural decision-making positions, analogous to those defined by the nomenklatura lists, at the time