The Impact of Public Opinion on U.S. Foreign Policy since Vietnam: Constraining the Colossus

By Richard Sobel | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 9
The Gulf War: History, Bush Policies,
and Public Opinion

INTRODUCTION

This chapter covers the events, policies, and public opinion in the months that led from the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 to the American invasion of Iraq in January 1991. Public opinion and the progression of events roughly paralleled each other in the Persian Gulf in 1990–91. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in the summer of 1990 and the deployment of troops by President George Bush, the American people supported the policies of the government. As time passed and the American people became both more knowledgeable about the region and concerned about the domestic economy, overall support began to wane.

Questions that had not been asked earlier now came to the fore. Why was the United States in the Gulf and how should it deal with Saddam Hussein? Should economic sanctions against Iraq be given more time to work? What did the United States hope to gain from a conflict? What would be the costs of war? As the public tried to answer these questions the strong base of support began to fade. The administration tried to counter this drop in support by providing its own answers, using deeds, words, and events such as James Baker's meeting with Tariq Aziz, as well as in the continual demonizing of Saddam Hussein to the American people. However, not until the war became imminent did the enormous foundation of public acceptance of the administration's actions return. This hesitancy and doubt by the American public throughout the Gulf War made it not “a defining moment in history” (Atkinson, 1991, p. A1) as Secretary of State James Baker stated, but rather a high point of a declining Bush presidency.


THE CRISIS BEGINS: IRAQ INVADES KUWAIT

On May 3, 1990, Iraqi foreign minister Tariq Aziz criticized unnamed Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations for overproduction of oil. The significance of this complaint became evident on July 16, when Iraq accused its neighbor Kuwait of the theft of $2.4 billion in oil from the Rumalia field on the Iraq-Kuwait border (Blumberg and French, 1994, p. 28). The following day, Iraq officially ac-

-143-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Impact of Public Opinion on U.S. Foreign Policy since Vietnam: Constraining the Colossus
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 276

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.