Family Focused Grief Therapy: A Model of Family-Centered Care during Palliative Care and Bereavement

By David W. Kissane; Sidney Bloch | Go to book overview

APPENDIX 1
The Family Relationships Index
(FRI)

The Family Environment Scale (FES) was first developed by Rudolf H. Moos and Bernice S. Moos in 1974 (Moos and Moos 1981) to assess the social climate of the family. The long version (Form R) of the FES contains 90 true–false questions covering 10 subscales relating to three basic dimensions of the family's social climate: relationship, personal growth and system maintenance and change.

A short form of the FES (Form S) was also developed by Moos in 1974 to permit relatively rapid assessments of large families. The first 40 items of the regular 90item Form R formed the Short Form items. The similarity of profiles obtained using only four items from each subscale (Form S) as compared to using the complete nine items (Form R) was investigated by using Intraclass Correlations and found to be satisfactory. The Family Relationships Index (FRI) utilizes the subscales of cohesiveness, expressiveness and conflict. The FRI derived from Form R would have 27 items, while that developed from Form S has 12 items.

Copyright for the FES is held by the Consulting Psychologists Press, 3803 East Bayshore Road, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA. They provide Form R item booklets and the FES Manual (third edition). The following sample of 12 items to illustrate the FRI are taken from the Form-R of the FES with permission from R. H. Moos and the Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.

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