The Art and Genius of Anne Hébert: Essays on Her Works: Night and the Day Are One

By Janis L. Pallister | Go to book overview

Désir et violence
dans Héloïse

LATIFIA BOUNOU

A chacun sa mort enclose dans le secret des os et du sang. La destinée.

—Anne Hébert

Un lièvre charitable sacrifia sa vie et se jeta dans le feu pour nourrir de
sa chair le Bouddha affamé.

Un des aspects les plus frappants dans Héloïse d'Anne Hébert est sans conteste la violence. La mise à mort du couple "d'agneaux" et surtout la fin tragique de Bernard est l'aboutissement d'une passion destructrice, ravageuse menée à bien par l'entremetteur Bottereau et la vampire Héloïse. Tous deux s'annoncent comme le couple fatal de buveurs de sang. La fascination de Bernard pour "l'étrange apparition du métro" (Hébert 1980, 30) à "l'image parfaite" (63) s'avère être le début d'une "fascination de la mort" (123), à laquelle Bernard ne peut échapper tout en entraînant sa femme derrière lui.

Cet aspect violent vient confirmer jusqu'à quel point comme l'exprime Anne Hébert, "la passion a souvent un visage assez tumultueux" (Gauvin 1997, 225) qui va de pair avec la mort, parce que la désirée est une vampire qui hante Bernard par son "désir … jusqu'à la moelle de ses os" (Hébert 1980, 31).

Cette avidité, cet engouement, ce désir qu'éprouve Bernard pour Héloïse aussi intenses soient-ils sont accompagnés d'une certaine morbidité. C'est dans le sang que va évoluer cette relation: "dans la quasi-obscurité, Bernard remarque que tout le monde autour de lui boit du bloody-mary. Il y a des petites lueurs couleur de sang qui clignotent dans chaque verre" (80).

C'est aussi dans le sang que cette relation va trouver sa fin et sa déchéance: "est-ce moi qui crie, pense Bernard, pendant que la volupté le broie et l'emmène jusqu'aux portes de la mort. Le sang chaud l'inonde venant de sa gorge tranchée. Il sombre dans la nuit" (100). Etait-il conscient? ou était-il "médusé" par Héloïse, "la séduction d'Héloïse, son charme

-109-

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