Women's Health during and after Pregnancy: A Theory-Based Study of Adaptation to Change

By Lorraine Tulman; Jacqueline Fawcett | Go to book overview

4
Anticipating Delivery
and Motherhood

As we pointed out in chapter 2, little is known about the subtle changes experienced by low-risk pregnant women as they adapt during childbearing. In this chapter, we present the part of our Theory of Adaptation During Childbearing dealing with psychosocial health, family relationships, and functional status during pregnancy (Figures 4.1 and 4.2). Here, we continue to examine adaptation, as experienced by low-risk pregnant women during the three trimesters of pregnancy, by focusing on their psychosocial health and family relationships. In keeping with the Roy Adaptation Model and the available evidence from the literature, we proposed that several psychosocial health variables would change during pregnancy, including psychological symptoms (feeling anxious, feeling depressed, feeling better than usual); acceptance of pregnancy; identification of a motherhood role; preparation for labor; fear of pain, helplessness, and loss of control during labor; and concern for well-being of self and baby (Figure 4.2 [A]). We also proposed that two family relationships variables—relationship with mother and relationship with husband—would change during pregnancy (Figure 4.2 [A]). Furthermore, we proposed that all of those psychosocial health variables and family relationships variables would be related to functional status during each trimester of pregnancy (Figure 4.2 [B, C]).


PSYCHOSOCIAL HEALTH DURING PREGNANCY

Pregnancy is certainly a physical experience but, according to Schroeder-Zwelling (1988), [is most often defined as a psychological or emotional experience] (p. 39). Accordingly, our study included variables that reflect psychosocial health during pregnancy.


Psychological Symptoms

Newton (1955), as part of a now classic study of 123 postpartum women, examined feelings about pregnancy. She found that women had both

-43-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Women's Health during and after Pregnancy: A Theory-Based Study of Adaptation to Change
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 190

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.