Body Image: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice

By Thomas F. Cash; Thomas Pruzinsky | Go to book overview

24
Body Image and Muscularity

ROBERTO OLIVARDIA


MUSCULARITY AND MASCULINITY

Many men today suffer from an "Adonis complex." Adonis was the Greek half-man, half-god who represented the ideal masculine body image—the V-shaped, muscular body. Unlike many women who strive to lose weight and achieve thinness, many men are in a pursuit of losing body fat while maintaining lean muscle mass. Dutton maintains that muscles symbolize health, dominance, power, strength, sexual virility, and threat. Because muscular men are perceived to embody these traditionally masculine traits, they may feel or aspire to feel more respected, admired, attractive, and confident. "Threatened masculinity" theory, first discussed by Mishkind and colleagues, posits that the growing parity of women in Western culture has placed men in a crisis, leaving them to define their masculinity through the one thing that will forever distinguish them from the opposite sex—their bodies. As feminism has changed females' perceptions of themselves and their gender roles, the definition of masculinity and the way men view their maleness has also changed in the process. According to Gillet and White, men's quest for a muscular body is an attempt to establish dominance and reassert a social patriarchy among men and women. Because women are achieving more power and financial independence, they can be more selective in the mates they choose. Thus men are in a position of having lost many of their traditional bases for feeling masculine. As Klein argues in his book Little Big Men, the desire for a hypermasculine body may arise from men's growing insecurity about their gender role. Muscularity may be an attempt to preserve the traditional notion of the male role. In short, the relative importance of men's bodies in Western cultures seems to be changing.

-210-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Body Image: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 530

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.