Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt

By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. | Go to book overview

B

Badawi, Dr. 'Abd al-Hamid

(13 March 1887–4 August 1965)

Judge and legal expert. 'Abd al-Hamid was born in Alexandria; his father, a farmer, moved to Mansura soon after his son's birth. 'Abd alHamid was educated in one of the schools of al'Urwa al-Wuthqa Society, the Ras al-Tin School (graduating in 1904), and the Khedivial Law School, earning his license in 1908. After serving briefly in the Tanta Niyaba (public prosecutor's office) and the Cairo Court of Appeals, he went to France, where in 1912 he earned a doctorate from the University of Grenoble, presenting as his thesis La développement de la notion de privilège. For two years he taught at the Khedivial Law School and then served as THARWAT's chef du cabinet. During the 1919 Revolution he was elected to the government employees' committee and named adviser to the government cases division. After he accompanied 'ADLI to London for his 1921 talks with Curzon, he served as secretary-general to the cabinet and royal adviser. He helped draft the 1923 Constitution and later became a member of the Senate. 'Abd al-Hamid headed the government cases division in 1926–1940, chaired the conference that abolished the Capitulations in 1937, and drafted much of the Montreux Treaty. He held the portfolios for finance in 1940 and foreign affairs in 1945, serving on Egypt's delegation to the UN San Francisco Conference. He was elected to the Arabic Language Academy in that year. Named in 1946 to the International Court of Justice, he served as vice president in 1955–1958, remaining there until he died.


Bibliographic Sources

al-Ahram Archives, file 203.

Akhar sa'a, 18 Aug. 1965.

'Allam, Majma'iyyun, 149–151.

Badawi, Mustafa Bahjat, "al-Janib al-akhar."

———, in al-Jumhuriyya, 9 Aug. 1965.

Baligh, 'Ali, in al-Jumhuriyya, 6 Aug. 1965. Hijazi, Anwar, 'Amaliqa, 265–268.

New York Times (6 Aug. 1965): 7.

Qadi, Shukri, Miat shakhsiyya, 142–144.

Rifa'i, 'Abd al-Hakim, "Abd al-Hamid Badawi."

Sanhuri, 'Abd al-Razzaq, "al-Duktur 'Abd alHamid Badawi."

Sarahan, Musahamat al-qadi 'Abd al-Hamid Badawi.

Zirikli, al-A'lam, III, 285.


al-Baghdadi, 'Abd al-Latif

(20 September 1917–8 January 1999)

Air force officer and politician. 'Abd al-Latif was born in Mansura and attended its elementary and secondary schools. A 1938 graduate of the Military Academy, he also attended flight school, then worked in the administration of several Cairo military airports and fought in the Palestine War. He became a leading member of the Free Officers and the Revolutionary Command Council, president of the court that tried prerevolutionary political figures, and inspectorgeneral of the Liberation Rally. Defense minister under NAJIB in 1953–1954, he was moved to municipal affairs when NASIR took power in 1954; Baghdadi later assumed control of planning. He is famous for having arranged the construction of the Nile Corniche. He became president of the National Assembly in 1957 and, following the creation of the UAR, became its vice president for economic affairs and minister of planning. After Syria seceded from the UAR, he served as Egyptian minister of finance and economic planning. In 1962 Baghdadi became one of Egypt's five vice presidents and resumed the presidency of the National Assembly, also serving on the Arab Socialist Union's executive board and Presidential Council. Dropped as vice president in 1964 because of differences with the cabinet over the Yemen War, he quit the National Assembly and held no other political post, although he claimed that Nasir intended to name him vice president in 1970 to prevent the succession of SADAT. The press interviewed Baghdadi often on political issues and he published mem-

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Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt xi
  • A 1
  • B 31
  • C 41
  • D 47
  • F 49
  • G 61
  • H 67
  • I 85
  • J 93
  • K 101
  • L 109
  • M 116
  • N 146
  • Q 160
  • R 164
  • S 172
  • T 206
  • U 218
  • W 224
  • Y 230
  • Z 234
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms 242
  • Bibliography 244
  • Index 288
  • About the Book 300
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