What Is Applied Exercise
Individuals who exercise regularly are healthier, feel better, and are less likely to be overweight or obese as compared to individuals who maintain a sedentary lifestyle. Yet, most Western societies remain more sedentary then ever and have abnormally high rates of overweight and obesity. It is apparent that the world, in general, and the U.S., in particular, is getting less and less healthy due to an epidemic of obesity due to overeating and the lack of physical activity. The health of many individuals is at risk because they are unable or unwilling to change their eating and exercise habits.
In the U.S., for instance, about 63% of U.S. men and women are overweight, and about 33% are classified as obese. The likely reasons are an epidemic of the combination of obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, leading to the widespread onset of types 1 and 2 diabetes and hypertension (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000). Approximately 60–70% of adults who begin an exercise program will quit within 6–9 months, despite the widespread belief (82%) that exercise is beneficial to good health. Taken together, the result of these unhealthy habits is a widespread deterioration of quality of life.
In her keynote address at the 2004 Society of Behavioral Medicine Conference in Baltimore, Maryland, Dr. Risa J. Lavizzo-Mourey, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, pointed out that for the first time in U.S. history, children today will live a shorter, lower quality of life than their parents. She